I-16 Type 18 by N.N.Polikarpov

24k b/w Type 18 with spinner removed, "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.1 p.493 20k Type 18 on skis, force landed on Finnish soil during The Infamous War. In April 1941 aircraft was transferred to Luftwaffe for evaluations, see Aircraft of the Finnish Air Force in the World War II

more advanced and powerful M-62 engine was designed by Arkadij D. Shvetsov team at Perm aero-engine factory (GAZ-19). Retaining the cubic capacity of M-25V, new engine was equipped with two-stage supercharger, gaining 225hp of power on expense of 46kg extra weight.
M-62 was rushed to production, and in early 1939 it was fitted to the I-16 Type 10 airframe. AV-1 automatic propeller (differed by larger blunt spinner and wide chord blades) was fitted. Other new external features included additional air intake on top of the engine cowling and paired exhaust stacks in the lower cooling/exhaust ports.
Thanks to the more powerful engine engine and advanced propeller, Type 18 had a considerable increase in performance, specially speed and ceiling. Handling also became better, aircraft was more stable on sharp loops and turns than all predecessors. Landing also was easier. The only parameter to suffer was range (due to more consuming engine), but problem was solved by provision of external underwing fuel tanks (developed on the I-16 Type 20 testbed).
Despite series production, the I-16 Type 18 remained and interim variant to keep production busy until arrival of more advanced M-63 engine.

I-16 Type 10

I-16 Type 24
I-16 Type 27

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.1 p.496;
  • 'Polikarpov Fighters in action, Part 2' by Hans-Herri Stapfer.
  • See the I-16 Links Page
  • Technical data
    Type I-16 Type 18
    Function Fighter
    Year 1939
    Crew 1
    Engines 1*800/920hp M-62
    Length 6.13m
    Wingspan 9.0m
    Wing area 14.5m2
    Empty weight 1428kg
    Loaded weight 1830kg
    Wing load 126.2kg/m2
    Power load 2.29kg/hp
    Maximum Speed (ground) 411km/h
    Maximum Speed at 4800m 464km/h
    Landing Speed 130km/h
    Turn time 18.5sec
    Takeoff roll 320m
    Landing Roll 370m
    Ceiling 9470m
    1000m 1.8min
    3000m 3.9min
    5000m 6.0min
    Guns 2*mg (wing) 7.62mm ShKAS 900rpg
    2*mg (nose) 7.62mm ShKAS 650rpg
    Bombs 200kg
    Rockets 4 or 6 RS-82
    Created March 11, 1998
    by Alexandre Savine
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