AIR-12 by A.S.Yakovlev

-seat racer, built for long range competitions. Main landing gear - retractable. Pilot's cockpit is located well after the wing and enclosed with narrow canopy. Passenger cabin (above the wing) is flush with the fuselage and could be used for extra fuel tanks. The wing had swept leading edge and straight trailing edge.
AIR-12 rolled out in July 1936, and participated in aircraft contest same year. On September 21 Yu.I.Piontkovskij within factory trials schedule performed a non-stop flight Moscow - Sevastopol - Kharkov. 2000km were covered in 10h45min.
AIR-12 was re-engined with more powerful M-11E engine. Female crew V.S.Grizodubova as a pilot and navigator M.M.Raskova) flew 1444km from Moscow to Aktubinsk, setting another record on October 24, 1936.


  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.83-84;
  • 'Za Industrializatsiu', Sept.20 1936, p2
  • "Samoliot" 6, 1937;
  • Yakovlev aircraft at WWW.AVIATION.RU
  • Technical data
    Type AIR-12
    Function Racer
    record setter
    Year 1936
    Crew 1 or 2
    Engines 1*100hp M-11
    later 1*150hp M-11E
    Length 7.17m
    Height ?m
    Wingspan 11.0m
    Wing area 15.6m2
    Empty weight 558kg
    Loaded weight 1204kg
    Wing load 77.2kg/m2
    Power load 12.0kg/hp
    Maximum Speed 235km/h
    Landing Speed 93km/h
    Takeoff Roll 220m
    Range 2000km
    Flight Endurance 10h45min
    Fuel 430+40kg
    Seats (1)
    Created March 12, 1999
    by Alexandre Savine
    Back to
    Main Gate