Il-20, S.V.Ilyushin

his armored ground attack aircraft was presented at State Trials in 1948, as a heavier 'supplement' type to the Il-10 (already in service) and Il-10M (ready for production). Il-20 differed from any other aircraft built before by its pilot's cockpit, located above the engine at extreme nose and provided unrestricted forward view. Engine and pilot's cockpit had common armour 'shell'. Landing gear (including the tail wheel) - retractable.
Four vertically movable 23mm NS-23 cannons were installed in the wing out of propeller arc. Il-20 could carry 1190kg of bombs on external hardpoints (up to 500kg each) and unguided RS family rockets.
Gunner-operator occupied separate cockpit. He operated a remotely-controlled turret with single NS-23 cannon. Defensive weapons included DAG-10 dispenser for 10 aircraft grenades AG-2.
Flight tests proved good performance of the aircraft (similar to those of lighter Il-10M, thanks to more powerful engine). But age of piston engine aircraft was fading, and Il-20 was not accepted for series production.
The designation Il-20 was reused for the civil version of the Il-28 bomber and for the Il-20 'Coot' ELINT aircraft.
40k b/w Drawing by I.Soultanov from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.257

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.357;
  • Il-20, Ilyushin
  • Technical data
    Type Il-20
    Function Ground attack
    Year 1948
    Crew 2
    Engines 1*2700/3000hp AM-47F (MF-47)
    Length 12.59m
    Wingspan 17.0m
    Wing area 44.0m2
    Empty weight 7535kg
    Loaded weight (normal) 9500kg
    Loaded weight (overload) 9820kg
    Wing load 216kg/m2
    Power load 3.2kg/hp
    Speed at 0m 450km/h
    Speed at 2800m 515km/h
    Landing Speed 150km/h
    Takeoff Roll 500m
    Range 1180km
    Ceiling 7750m
    3000m 8.0min
    5000m 12.5min
    Fuel+Oil 800+80kg
    Guns (attack) 4*23mm NS-23
    Guns (defensive) 1*23mm NS-23
    Grenade dispenser (defensive) 1*DAG-10
    Bombs 1190kg
    Rockets 8*RS-82
    Created January 25, 1996
    Modified February 25, 1999
    by Alexandre Savine
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