MiG-3 / I-63(?), A.I.Mikoyan/M.I.Gurevich

Photo (14k) from Air Force Herald magazine article;
12k b/w drawing by I.G.Soultanov from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.232;

D
evelopment of the MiG-1 with only minor differences (but quite different in handling). At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (what was the WWII for Soviet people) many MiG's pilots rammed German bombers after running out of ammunition - often the order was "to stop bombers by any means".
MiG-1,-3 were also used for ground attack - but it was rather misuse of good high altitude interceptor with limitations in low altitude performance. All were equipped with protected fuel tanks, with neutral gas filling. To cure poor spin performance of the MiG-1, automatic slats were added.
100 MiG-1 and 3322 MiG-3 were built. Aircraft was in service almost until the end of the war - thanks to exceptional easy maintenance, repairability and part compatibility. Generally from 2-3 unrepairable machines one flying could be assembled in the field conditions.
Predecessor:
MiG-1

Developments:
Ground attack (small butch) with 2 additional 12.7mm UB machineguns in the wings, out of propeller arc. Takeoff weight - 3510kg, one second salvo increased from 1.36kg to 3.56kg
MiG-7, powered with AM-37 engine.
Development MiG-9, IKh with M-82 radial engine
I-211, E with ASh-82FN radial engine;
MiG-3U, I-230, D cannon-armed, close to original 'Kh' project
I-231, 2D cannon-armed, all metal
I-220, A opens new branch with larger airframe


At the Monino AF Museum near Moscow; Photo (75k) by John Sloan, see Aviation Page by A. Gretchihine;
References:
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.231-235;
    Related WEB Links:
  • MiG-1/MiG-3 at Virtual Aircraft Museum
  • I-63, Mikoyan-Gurevich
  • MiG-3, Mikoyan-Gurevich at Emmanuel Gustin Index
  • MiG-3 at Michael Fletcher's Site;
  • Soviet Warbirds
  • Technical data
    Type MiG-3
    Function fighter
    Year 1941
    Crew 1
    Engines 1*1200/1350hp AM-35A 1*1500/1600hp AM-38
    Wing Span 10.20m
    Length 8.26m
    Height 3.50m
    Wing Area 17.44m2
    Empty Weight 2699kg 2582kg
    Maximum Weight 3350kg 3225kg
    Speed at 0m 505km/h 547km/h
    Speed at 7800m 640km/h at 3400m 502km/h
    Ceiling 12000m 9500m
    Climb to 5000m 5.7min 7.95min
    Range 1250km n/a
    Armament
    Guns 1(3)mg*12.7mm UBS 300rpg

    2mg*7.62mm ShKAS 750rpg
    Bombs 200kg (2*FAB-100 or 2*FAB-50)
    another 200kg (2*FAB-100 or 4*FAB-25) could be switched for rockets
    Rockets 6*RS-82
    Modified October 12, 1997
    by Alexandre Savine;
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