D Anatra, Anatra-D, Anade, Dekan, Anatra-Dekan, A.A.Anatra/Dekan


All
designations were used for 2-seat biplane reconnaissater, advanced for late 1915 but outdated in 1918. Project was initiated during summer 1915, and aircraft was flown in December same year. Handling was not satisfactory, and many modifications were introduced, directed mostly on moving center of gravity forward.
Engine cowered with aluminum, forward fuselage - plywood, tail and wings - fabric.
First series aircraft rolled out May 16, 1916, and 170 were built in 1916-1917 with minor variations between batches. One trainer with dual controls was built in May 1917.
After all improvements, aircraft became quite a good performer. In May-June 1917 several loops were demonstrated by pilot captain D.A.Makarov. Widely used in WWI and Civil War. In 1918 aircraft was retired to trainer duties.
Modifications

Anasal
Anatra D No.14
Anatra DS
Anatra DSS
Anacle
Anacler

Khioni-5
Koniok-Gorbunok
References:Links:
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.1 p.191-192;
  • Anade
  • D, Anatra
  • Dekan
  • Anatra D at Virtual Aircraft Museum
  • Technical data
    Type Anatra-D
    Function reconnaissance
    Year 1915
    Crew 2
    Engines 1*100hp Gnome Monosaupape
    Length 7.7m
    Wingspan 11.5/10.3m
    Wing area 35m2
    Empty weight 515kg
    Loaded weight 865kg
    Wing load 24.7kg/m2
    Power load 8.6kg/hp
    Speed 132km/h
    Ceiling 4000m
    Climb
    1000m 7.0min
    3000m 26min
    Endurance 3.0h
    Takeoff Landing60m
    90m
    Armament
    Guns 2*mg
    Bombs 20-30kg
    Modified September 8, 1997
    by Alexandre Savine;
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