VM-6, A.Yu.Villish

hen in mid-1917 concept of high speed flying boat (see M-11, VM-5) came to the dead end, 2nd Capt. Scherbachev came up with idea of a 'counter-fighter'. It was a land-based single-seat monoplane aircraft with dropable wheel gear, designed to land on water surface. At the moment of landing engine had to be stopped and propeller blocked in horizontal position.
On Summer 1917 the UMA decided to proceed with this project. 'Counter-fighter' was ordered to D.P.Grigorovich, AIS bureau and A.Yu.Villish. The expected 'champion' was D.P.Grigorovich, but only A.Yu.Villish came up with complete project. Other two contenders bailed out.
Project was ready in details on September 13, 1917. It included not just an aircraft, but also a catapult. Rails, undercarriage, compressed air system were well designed. Construction started at the end of 1917 and almost finished in Spring 1918. Waterproof boat-shaped fuselage was covered with plywood. Tail was very slim.
Disturbed political situation did not allow A.Yu.Villish to finish the project. As a landlord and exploiter he was obviously in danger. Though he left Russia for his home land, and never returned to aircraft construction.
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.1 p.255-256;
  • Technical data
    Type VM-6
    Function Naval fighter
    Year 1918
    Crew 1
    Engines 1*200hp
    Length 7.1m
    Wingspan 10.01m
    Wing area 17.5m2
    Empty weight 571kg
    Loaded weight 785kg
    Wing load 45.0kg/m2
    Power load 3.9kg/hp
    Flight endurance 2h
    Modified November 17, 1997
    by Alexandre Savine;
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