Tu-70 airliner ('Cart') by A.N.Tupolev

23k b/w picture from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.371

L
ow-wing passenger development of the Tu-4 bomber. Differed from only by fuselage construction and deleted armament. Passenger 'luxury' variant for 48 passengers and crew of 8 was developed in parallel with the bomber.
On design stage decision was made to stretch the fuselage, increase diameter and accommodate 72 passenger and crew of 6. Even in this configuration Tu-70 was a comfortable airliner with pressurized fuselage, heating and ventilation systems, kitchen, refrigerator and all other passenger/crew necessities. In construction of the Tu-70 some parts from original USA-built B-29 Superfortress.
30k b/w drawing from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.371

First flight (pilot F.F.Opadchij) occurred on November 27, 1946. On August 3, 1947 Tu-70 was demonstrated at Tushino Parade. It easily passed all trials and was ready for production (3/4 parts of series built Tu-4 were already available). Nonetheless, it did not became the first large airliner. Economical situation in the USSR and limited demand for air travel made Tu-70 (as well as its rival Il-18) premature. Large passenger aircraft will enter the scene 10 years later.
For some time lone Tu-70 was used as a VIP official transport. At some point of its history airliner was 'confiscated' by V.I.Stalin (son of Joseph Stalin, chief command of MVO aviation) and used to carry... hockey and football teams of the VVS.
24k drawing from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.371
PredecessorsModifications

Tu-4
Tu-75

ReferencesLinks
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.370-371;
  • Tu-4 and variants at Russian Power
  • Technical data
    Type Tu-70
    Function Passenger transport
    Year 1946
    Crew 6
    Engines 4*2000/2400hp ASh-73
    Length 35.4m
    Wingspan 44.5m
    Wing area 166.1m2
    Empty weight 38290kg
    Loaded weight 60000kg
    Wing load 361kg/m2
    Power load 6.2kg/hp
    Speed at 0m 424km/h
    Speed at 9000m 568km/h
    Landing Roll 600m
    Takeoff Roll 670m
    Range 5000km
    Flight Endurance 10hours
    Ceiling 11000m
    Climb
    5000m 21.2min
    Payload
    Fuel 16030kg
    Seats 72
    Cargo ?kg
    Created February 16, 1999
    by Alexandre Savine
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